Rights, when we are discussing the Public Sector, generally fall into two categories;
1) HUMAN RIGHTS- These are Protections, Freedoms and Guarantees that are bestowed upon individuals by virtue of their being part of the Human Race. To a certain degree some of these may be applied to all living things, but only to a certain extent and varies depending on specific situations.
2) CITIZENS RIGHTS- Are granted by a governing body with the legal authority over a specified jurisdiction, to individuals identified as part of the recognized civil population. These Rights can vary greatly, depending on the source of Authority. i.e (Constitutional Republic, Monarchy, Oligarchy, Dictatorial etc.)
This brings us to the concept of CIVIL RIGHTS, which is basically a sub-category
of CITIZENS RIGHTS. The main difference is;
- Rights given to all Citizens may include the ability to chose a System of Morality and/or Faith that is constructed by the individual, and is not interfered with by the State. Further, that one cannot be held either Criminally or Civilly for Behavior or Speech that others consider offensive.
- Civil Rights are guarantees set up by the State/Government, that protect individuals from Malicious, Discriminatory, Arbitrary and Hateful acts that target them specifically as a single person or as part of a group. These Rights apply to both the Public and Private sectors. Civil Rights are basically set up to"Level the Playing Field", in which no single person or group has an unfair advantage over other parts of society.
However they are applied, not all Rights are created equal. Some can never be taken away, Some are Valid only in certain cases and others may be given up voluntarily.
There is one main rule that applies to all Rights: NO ONE CAN EXERCISE A RIGHT, WHICH AT THE SAME TIME VIOLATES THE RIGHTS OF OTHERS.
End of PT 2.