Wednesday, October 5, 2016

LOGIC. THE FALLACY OF PROVING A NEGATIVE. PT 4.


Halloween Silhouetted Hands














Here are a few Examples of Individuals and Groups using the FALLACY OF PROVING A NEGATIVE, AND HOW YOU MIGHT ANSWER THEM USING CRITICAL THINKING.

#1.WITNESS-  "I KNOW WHAT I SAW. YOU WEREN'T THERE. ARE YOU SAYING I AM A LIAR?"

ANSWER-  "NOT AT ALL. SINCE EYEWITNESS TESTIMONY IS BY DEFINITION SUBJECTIVE, THERE IS NO WAY TO KNOW WHAT YOU ACTUALLY OBSERVED.  THERE ARE TO MANY FACTORS THAT GO INTO THE WAY YOUR MIND PERCEIVES INCOMING INFORMATION FROM YOUR FIVE SENSES, AND HOW IT IS EVALUATED AND STORED INTO MEMORY."

THESE FACTORS INCLUDE;

-  PRECONCEIVED NOTIONS.

-  EMOTIONAL STATE OF MIND.

-  INFLUENCE FROM OTHERS SOURCES, WHICH 
CAN OCCUR AT THE TIME OF THE EVENT, OR IN 
THE FUTURE.

-  FINANCIAL AND/OR SOCIAL SELF- INTEREST, 
OR REWARDS VS NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES.

-  TIME OF DAY, WEATHER, DISTANCE AND DURATION
OF THE EVENT.

THIS IS WHY ANECDOTAL EVIDENCE CANNOT BE USED, 
BY ITSELF,  TO REACH A CONCLUSION ABOUT THE 
EXISTENCE OF ANY PHENOMENA.

LOOK FOR PART 5.