It is a Question that has been asked many Times, and by Members of every Society and Form of Government that Exists, or has Existed.
Elected Leaders of a Free Republic, Dictators for Life, Kings and Queens, Military Juntas etc., have been Lying to those whose Lives and Welfare Rest upon the Decisions They Make.
Yes, sometimes the Lies are Transparent and Easily Recognizable, and many times the Leader(s) could care less on Whether or not what They are saying is believed. After All, in many cases, there is little the Citizen or Resident could do about it anyway. Many Totalitarian Regimes, Past and Present, Placate the Population with Hollow Promises and Grandiose Speeches that are nothing more than Window Dressing for Foreign Critics. The Population has little opportunity to do much more then Grin and Bare it, and hope Things get better.
However, what Explanation can be Offered when those who are lying are Elected to Office, and Their Words are Recorded by a Media that has Few Restrictions on what can be Made Public and Known to the Entire World.
With That in Mind, The General Consensus among those in a Free Society, like the U.S., seems to be that Their Political Leaders Lie because They Don't want the People to Know the Truth. It is Believed that these Mistruths are Deliberate Attempts to Hide Immoral and/or Illegal Actions that Harm the Population and Undermine the Very Foundation of the Principles that are the Cornerstone of the Government They are Supposed to Protect.
But is this Always True? Could there be a more Reasonable Conclusion to explain such Behavior?
Yes, There are many examples of Politicians Lying to Cover- Up Illegal Activities that would Lead to Prosecution, or at least Censure and Possible Removal from Office. But these in no way Represent the Vast Majority of Cases where the Lie has no Connection with Criminal Activity or at least Behavior that can Result in Charges being brought.
To Examine this Topic More Clearly, we must first settle on a Few Definitions to separate the DIFFERENT LEVELS OF NON- TRUTHFUL COMMUNICATION THAT ARE USED IN LANGUAGE AND SPEECH.
1) LIE- THE SIMPLEST OF ALL. A LIE IS A DELIBERATE AND CONSCIOUS ACTION, WRITTEN OR SPOKEN, TO RELAY INFORMATION TO OTHERS THAT THE INDIVIDUALKNOWS IS NOT TRUE.
TO BE CONTINUED...